Sustainability and Extractives CONDUCIVE POLICIES AND STRATEGIES FOR SUSTAINABLE ENERGY PROVISION IN RURAL COMMUNITIES IN ZIMBABWE Author: Blessing Matasva ABSTRACT Rural communities are deprived of clean and affordable energy. Rural; communities face a myriad of challenges in accessing clean energy. Whilst the global urban is enjoying energy provision and even moving to more climate friendly energy sources, the global rural is still stuck in the traditional energy options which, in the wake of population growth and the advent of climate change, are no longer sustainable. Poor energy provision is even more severe in the developing world in regions like Sub Saharan Africa. Given that an average of over 60% of Sub Saharan Africa population lives in the rural space, provision of clean and affordable energy to these communities should become a priority. The rural communities in Zimbabwe face similar problems. Arguments have been made on the causes of the disparities between urban and rural energy provision and supply, and whilst it is admittedly an interplay of factors, lack of integrated policies and strategies at national level has affected access by rural population to adequate supply of clean and affordable energy. There is need to provide rural communities with affordable technology and innovation like waste to energy, invasive species to energy and biogas production to bring energy to these underprivileged societies. There has been an increasing consensus among scholars that the poor people are more vulnerable to climate change effects. The poor people often look up to the common property resources and the easily accessible resources for their livelihoods. When such resources are exhausted, these underprivileged groups face challenges and the environment also suffers. Limited energy sources has been a challenge rural dwellers have been grappling with for decades not only in the developing world but particularly in sub Saharan Africa and Zimbabwe. With the country witnessing significant population growth in the rural areas, it is essential to find ways to find clean and sustainable energy sources The paper discusses some of the policies and strategies Zimbabwe can amend, develop and enact to reduce Zimbabwe’s carbon footprint as well as providing clean energy in a dual fight against climate change and poverty.

Category : NEWS


Category : NEWS

As the build up to the National Tree planting day to be held  on the 7th of December which will be held under the theme “Enhancing Climate Change Resilience Through Agroforestry”, Green Institute in partnership with African Youth Initiative on Climate Change Zimbabwe (AYICC) carried out a tree planting activity at Nyanda Primary School in Masvingo West on the 15th of November 2019.The objective was to sensitize young people on the realities of climate change and the role they have to play to mitigate the adverse effects of climate change. The aim of using education to carry the climate change messages is to create a new generation of youth whose behavior will be climate change compliant. Notable effects of climate change such as unpredictable weather patterns bringing in a series of heat waves, droughts ( El nino),floods (cyclone idai) where key in educating the children. Young pupils were taught on the importance of tree planting and forest conservation for them to take the initiative to their communities not limited to tree planting day but being an everyday habit. Trees in essence serve as the supporting base of both human and non-human species. Trees and vegetation play a pivotal role in balancing the ecosystem, most importantly producing our much-needed oxygen, as well as being an instrumental tool in enhancing the smooth flow of the water cycle. As part of the activity pupils planted Kenyan Crotone trees around the school yard and were later given a task to plant 2 seeds each to be planted one at their homestead and the other brought to the school as we continue with the afforestation program. On the 7th of December, Green institute will take part in the national tree planting day by planting a targeted 10000 trees across Masvingo Province.

Plant a tree to make this world carbon free!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

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Masvingo City water woes a ticking time bomb

Category : NEWS

Green Institute is concerned by the water situation in Masvingo which has become critical over the past one month leaving over 50000 residents at high risk of contracting water related diseases such as cholera and typhoid after drinking water from unprotected water sources. In Masvingo urban, the supply of clean and adequate water is erratic and intermittent. In worst case scenarios, the residents can go for as long as a week or two without running water in their homesteads. The persistence of acute water shortages has left majority of the resident in serious panic mode about their health. The most affected suburbs are Runyararo West and Mucheke which have gone up to 2 weeks without water.

On the other hand, the general flow of piped water in Masvingo urban is somehow compromised. In cases where the city council supply water, the trends indicates that, it is usually pumped at night, mostly midnight and dries up at dawn. With these unstable and unfriendly times at hand, the water have been sarcastically, referred to as, ‘nocturnal water’ since it appears and disappears at night. On record, studies done elsewhere have indicated that the consequences of water scarcity usually have unfavorable consequences to humanity. Therefore, waiting for these undesirable episodes to hit Masvingo is one of the unwanted trends in the progressing human development scale, and, should be avoided at whatever cost.

To mitigate the water shortages the residents has to go for borehole water which they can only get after waiting for between 2-6 hours. Residents interviewed have shown some reservations on the cleanliness of the water since these boreholes we’re drilled for gardening purposes by (ACTION FAIM) and not recommended for consumption. Netsai not her real name said’ if you check most of these boreholes are located in wetlands within the vicinity of leaking sewer pipes thereby increasing the chances of ground cross contamination’.

Mr Mahachi said one borehole in Target kopje was condemned some time back and the handle was removed so that people could not use. But he said he was surprised that it now has a handle and people are fetching water from the borehole but the question is whether water tests were carried again to certify the water as clean.

Asked for comment Engineer Mukaratirwa who is the Acting Town Clerk said “the electric motor for the Bushmead Water Works Intake Works was installed yesterday and the pump is now running. Unfortunately there was low voltage in the line from 1am coupled with load shedding at 5am. Therefore the benefits of the second pump are not being felt.”

Green Institute recommends that there should be borehole mapping and testing by an independent organization to certify if the water is safe for human consumption to avert a possible health catastrophe. The city council having been blaming ZESA for load shedding, it’s high time they invest in solar energy for water pumps. This in the long run is environmentally sustainable and cheap as compared to electricity. The local council should be allowed to decentralize from the central government and also to invest in private- public partnerships which will see direct investment in water related issues.

We also urge the Province at large to adopt climate change mitigatory strategies such as sustainable environmental management, reforestation, smart agriculture techniques which are meant to avert climate change .The recent El Nino has been attributed to climates change and everyone needs to play his part.